William A. Woods Selected Papers and Publications "Context-Sensitive Parsing," Comm. ACM, 13 No. 7, July, 1970. "Transition Network Grammars for Natural Language Analysis," Comm. ACM, 13, No. 10, October, 1970, pp 591-606. Reprinted in Yoh-Han Pao and George W. Ernest (eds.), Tutorial: Context-Directed Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence Techniques for Information Processing. IEEE Computer Society Press, Silver Spring, MD, 1982. Also reprinted in Barbara Grosz, Karen Sparck Jones and Bonnie Webber (eds.), Readings in Natural Language Processing, San Mateo: Morgan Kaufmann, 1986, pp. 71-87. The Lunar Sciences Natural Language Information System: Final Report (with R. M. Kaplan and B.L. Nash-Webber), BBN Report No. 2378, Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., Cambridge, MA 02138, June, 1972. (Available from NTIS as N72-28984.) Speech-Understanding Systems: Final Report of a Study Group, (with A. Newell, Chairman, et al .), North-Holland/American Elsevier, 1973. "An Experimental parsing System for Transition Network Grammars". In R. Rustin (ed.), Natural Language Processing, New York: Algorithmics Press, 1973. "Progress in Natural Language Understanding: An Application to Lunar Geology," AFIPS Conference Proceedings, Vol. 42 (1973 National Computer Conference and Exposition). "Mechanical Inference Problems in Continuous Speech Understanding" (with J. Makhoul), Artificial Intelligence, 5(1), Spring 1974. "Control Concepts in a Speech Understanding System" (with P. D. Rovner and B. L. Nash-Webber), IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ASSP-23(1), February 1975. "Syntax, Semantics, and Speech". In D. R. Reddy (ed.), Speech Recognition, New York: Academic Press, 1975. "What's in a Link: Foundations for Semantic Networks". In D. Bobrow and A. Collins (eds.), Representation and Understanding: Studies in Cognitive Science, New York: Academic Press, 1975. Reprinted in R. Brachman and H. Levesque (eds.), Readings in Knowledge Representation, San Mateo: Morgan Kaufmann, 1985. Also reprinted in Allan Collins and Edward E. Smith (eds.), Readings in Cognitive Science, San Mateo: Morgan Kaufmann, 1988. Speech Understanding Systems: Final Technical Progress Report, Volumes I-V (Woods, W.A., Bates, M., Brown, G., Bruce, B., Cook, C., Klovstad, J., Makhoul, J., Nash-Webber, B., Schwartz, R., Wolf, J., Zue, V.), BBN Technical Report 3848, Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., Cambridge, MA 02138, 1976. "Meaning and Machines". In A. Zampolli (ed.), Computational and Mathematical Linguistics, Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Leo S. Olschki, Florence, Italy, 1977. "Semantics and Quantification in Natural Language Question Answering". In M. Yovits (ed.), Advances in Computers, Vol. 17. New York: Academic Press 1978. Also, Report No. 3687, Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc., 1977. Reprinted in Barbara Grosz, Karen Sparck Jones and Bonnie Webber (eds.), Readings in Natural Language Processing, Morgan Kaufmann, 1986, pp 205-248. "Theory Formation and Control in a Speech Understanding System with Extrapolations Toward Vision," in A. R. Hanson and E. M. Riseman (eds.), Computer Vision Systems. Academic Press, New York, 1978, pp. 379-390. Semantics for a Question Answering System. New York: Garland Publishing, 1979. "Cascaded ATN Grammars". American Journal of Computational Linguistics, Vol. 6, No. 1, January-March 1980. "Multiple Theory Formation in Speech and Reading". In R. Spiro, B. Bruce and W. Brewer (eds.), Theoretical Issues in Reading Comprehension. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1980. "Procedural Semantics as a Theory of Meaning". In A. Joshi, B. L. Webber and I. Sag (eds.), Elements of Discourse Understanding, Cambridge University Press, 1981, pp 300-334. "Optimal Search Strategies for Speech Understanding Control." Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 18, No. 3 (May, 1982 ). Also in B. Webber and N. Nilsson (eds.), Readings in Artificial Intelligence, Tioga Publishing Co., Palo Alto, CA, 1981. "What's Important About Knowledge Representation?," IEEE Computer, Vol. 16, No. 10 (October, 1983). "Artificial Intelligence," in Lisa Taylor (ed.), The Phenomenon of Change, New York: Rizzoli, 1984. Computer Speech Processing, (ed. with Frank Fallside), Prentice-Hall International (UK) Ltd., 1985. "Important Issues in Knowledge Representation," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 74, No. 10 (October, 1986), pp 1322-1334. Reprinted in Peter G. Raeth (ed.), Expert Systems: A Software Methodology for Modern Applications, Los Alamitos:IEEE Computer Society Press, 1990, pp 180-204. "Grammar, Augmented Transition Network," in Stuart C. Shapiro (ed.), Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, Wiley, 1987, pp. 323-333. "Semantics, Procedural," in Stuart C. Shapiro (ed.), Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, Wiley, 1987, pp. 1029-1031. "Don't Blame the Tool," Computational Intelligence, Vol. 3, No. 3, (August, 1987), pp. 228-237. "Understanding Subsumption and Taxonomy: A Framework for Progress," in John Sowa (ed.), Principles of Semantic Networks: Explorations in the Representation of Knowledge, San Mateo:Morgan Kaufmann, 1991, pp 45-94. "The KL-ONE Family," (with James Schmolze), Computers & Mathematics with Applications, Vol 23, Nos. 2-5, (January-March, 1992), special issue on Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence , Part 1, pp 133-177. Also reprinted in Fritz Lehmann (ed), Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence, Pergamon Press, 1992, pp 133-177. "Conceptual Indexing: A Better Way to Organize Knowledge," Technical Report SMLI TR-97-61, Sun Microsystems Laboratories, Mountain View, CA, April, 1997. (available online at: http://www.sun.com/research/techrep/1997/abstract-61.html) "Knowledge Management Needs Effective Search Technology," Sun Journal, March, 1998. (available online at: http://www.sun.com/sun-journal/V2N1/03_feat2a.html) "Natural Language Technology in Precision Content Retrieval," (with Jacek Ambroziak), proceedings of the International Conference on Natural Language Processing and Industrial Applications (NLP+IA 98), August 18-21, 1998, Moncton, New Brunswick, CANADA. (available online at: http://www.sun.com/research/techrep/1998/abstract-69.html) "Linguistic Knowledge can Improve Information Retrieval," by William A. Woods, Lawrence A. Bookman, Ann Houston, Robert J. Kuhns, Paul Martin, and Stephen Green, Proceedings of ANLP-2000, Seattle, WA, May 1-3, 2000, pp 262-267 (Preliminary version: Technical Report SMLI TR-99-82, Sun Microsystems Laboratories, Mountain View, CA, December, 1999, available online at: http://www.sun.com/research/techrep/1999/abstract-82.html. Final version with author's introduction is reprinted in Sun Labs' anniversary volume, Sun Microsystems Laboratories: The First Ten Years, 1991-2001, available at: http://research.sun.com/features/tenyears/volcd/papers/woods.htm) "Aggressive Morphology for Robust Lexical Coverage," Proceedings of ANLP-2000, Seattle, WA, May 1-3, 2000, (available at: http://aclweb.org/anthology/A/A00-1030.pdf) "Conceptual Indexing: Practical Large-Scale AI for Efficient Information Access," Invited talk at AAAI 2000, Proceedings of the Seventeenth Nationial Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2000), Austin, TX, August 2, 2000, pp 1180-1185. "Halfway to Question Answering," by W. A. Woods, Stephen Green, Paul Martin, and Ann Houston, Proceedings of the Ninth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-9) National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2000, pp 489-500. (Available online at: http://trec.nist.gov/pubs/trec9/t9_proceedings.html) "Aggressive Morphology and Lexical Relations for Query Expansion," by W. A. Woods, Stephen Green, Paul Martin, and Ann Houston, Proceedings of the Tenth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-10) National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2001, pp 479-485. (Available online at: http://trec.nist.gov/pubs/trec10/t10_proceedings.html) "Searching vs. Finding," ACM Queue, Vol. 2, Issue 2 (April 2004), pp 27-35. (available online at: http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=988405, or at http://acmqueue.com/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=137). "Lightweight Morphology: A Methodology for Improving Text Search," Mikael Roussillon, Bradford G. Nickerson, Stephen Green, William A. Woods, The Face of Text, 3rd Conference of the Canadian Symposium on Text Analysis (CaSTA), McMaster University, November 19-21, 2004, available at http://mediacast.sun.com/users/eelstretching/media/litemorph.pdf. "Meaning and Links: a Semantic Odyssey," AI Magazine, Vol 28, No 4 (Winter 2007, available at http://www.aaai.org/ojs/index.php/aimagazine/article/ViewArticle/2069). Return to parsecraft.com
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